The National Archaeological Museum’s Bronze Collection is one of the world’s richest collections of original bronze works. Most were found in the large systematic excavations of the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th centuries. Others were handed over, confiscated, purchased, or donated, mainly by the politician and φιλάρχαιος K. Karapanos (1902) and the doctor K. Lambros (1899), who donated 903 medical tools.
The metal artifacts depict male and female figures with different characteristics and mythological or imaginary beings and animals.
Important groups also include vases of all types and tools, the weapons and finds from the shipwreck at Antikythera, including the famous device, a scientific instrument of the 1st century B.C. used for astronomical and calendrical calculations.
Through these statues and minor arts one can trace the development and evolution of ancient repousse and chasing and metalworking, discern various artistic trends, the achievements and interactions of the workshops, and at the same time approach the daily life of human beings, with their habits, customs, cults, and religious beliefs, from the Geometric until the Roman periods.