Stone statue of the priest Tjurai, goldsmith of the god Amun in his estate at Thebes.
Priests, whose office was usually hereditary, were a particularly privileged class in Egyptian society. The pharaoh was the high priest, who ceded his ritual duties to the order of high priests.
Priests were divided into categories according to their duties (treasurer, astronomer, lector, singer of hymns, etc) and into priesthoods according to which deity they served. They performed rituals, appeased the gods in order to maintain world order, and administrated the property of the temple they served.
During the New Kingdom the priesthood of Ammon acquired particular importance.