The Vases and Minor Arts Collection was assembled at the end of the 19th century. Today, about 6,000 objects are on display. The original core of the Collection (rooms 49-56) contains around 2,500 artifacts, which reveal the uninterrupted evolution of Greek pottery and vase painting from the 11th to the 4th century B.C., and is represented by the principal workshops (Attic, Boeotian, Corinthian, Laconian, Ionic, islands). Also exhibited are artifacts from important sanctuaries, like Sounion in Attica, Thermon in Aetolia, the sanctuary of Artemis Orthia in Laconia, the Heraion of Perachora in Corinth, and the Heraion of Argos in the Argolid.
Recently, the exhibition program of the Collection was completed (rooms 57-63) with the display of the Stathathos and Vlastos–Serpieris Collections, Hellenistic and glass vases, figurines, as well as gold and silver vessels and jewelry.