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STATUETTE OF DIONYSOS

Material: Bronze
Height: 0,47m.
Provenance: Chochlia /Eurytania, Central Greece
Inv. no.: × 15209
Exhibition: ground floor, room 38, showcase 44
Date: Ìiddle of the 2nd century BC

Dionysïs was the son of Zeus and Semele. Although a god of joy and banquets, he was also associated with death and the underworld. Processions, dramatic games, and mystic rites all played a role in his cult.
The patron deity of vegetation and vine is represented on this occasion as a young shepherd or wayfarer. This is not a common manifestation of the god with “countless shapes”. The objects that he once held in his hands would have facilitated his identification. This is a naturalistic and attractive work, thanks to the relaxed contrapuntal dynamic of the movements and the beauty of the man’s features.
To judge from works of monumental sculpture, which influenced the artist, the god originally held a drinking cup (karchesion) in his right hand and in his clenched left palm a wand wreathed in ivy and vine leaves topped with a pine-cone. This is the thyrsos, one of the trappings of his followers. He is crowned with an ivy wreath, which is tied at the rear with a ''Herakles knot''. He wears high traveler's boots (endromides). A faun skin is wrapped around his torso over a short tunic. The way the belt is tied is reminiscent of the Late Hellenistic and Greek Imperial cuirassed statues.

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