Jewellery from Troy - The Heinrich Schliemann Collection
Inv. no.: Π 4331 (necklaces of beads), Π 4332 (a pair of earrings consisting of three crescent-shaped pieces), Π 4333 (a pair of earrings consisting of six crescent-shaped pieces)
Dimensions of earrings: inv. no. Π 4332: length 2.9 cent., max. width. 1.1 cent., weight 10.5 gr.; inv. no. Π 4333: length 2.1 cent., max. width. 1.1 cent., weight 4.5 cent.
Date: Early Broze Age, Troy IIg (2500-2300 BC)
Exhibition Location: Room 5, National Archaeological Museum.
The jewellery was discovered by Heinrich Schliemann in Troy. The group includes two pairs of earrings with crescent-shaped components and 1761 beads of various types, including rings, discs, rectangular, tubular and wheels with spikes, of which six necklaces have been assembled on the basis of their shape. The items belong to groups of rich finds, the so-called ''hoards'', most of which were discovered in the lowest layer of the Second City (Troy IIg). Of these, ''Hoard A'' of the ''Major Hoard'', conventionally known as ''Priam's Hoard'', is the richest. The aesthetics and constructional techniques, which include wiring and granulation, employed in contents of the hoards, which consist of diadems, earrings, jewels for hair, necklaces and pins, are impressive.
The exact place and time of the discovery of each of the hoards and its contents are not known. A pair of earrings now held in the National Archaeological Museum, Athens (inv. no. Π 4333) is mentioned in a publication of 1902 among the finds making up ''Priam's Hoard''.
The National Archaeological Museum owes a small, but notable and representative collection of antiquities, consisting of vases, figurines, jewels, bone and bronze tools and minor objects, to the excavations of Heinrich Schliemann at Troy. The collection was given to the National Archaeological Museum by Schliemann's Greek wife, Sofia, two years after his death.
After the finds from Troy disappeared from the museum in Berlin at the end of the Second World War, the small collections held in the National Archaeological Museums of Athens and of Constantinople were until recently, when the holdings of the Berlin Museum reappeared in Russia, unique authentic examples of Trojan small object art, which was technologically highly developed. Today the greater part of ''Priam's Hoard'' is held in the Puskin Museum, Moscow.
Bibliography: D. Konsola, 'Η Τρωική Συλλογή του Εθνικού Αρχαιολογικού Μουσείου', in Αik. Demakopoulou (ed.), Τροία, Μυκήνες, Τίρυνς, Ορχομενός. Εκατό χρόνια από το θάνατου Ερρίκου Σλήμαν, Athens, National Archaeological Museum 15 June-2 September 1990, Berlin, Altes Museum, 4 October 1990-15 January 1991, pp. 79-87, 149-152 no. 5-8. J. Aruz (ed.), Art of the first cities. The third millennium B.C. from the Mediterranean to the Indus, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Exhibition Catalogue (New York 2003) 262, 264 nos. 168a-d, 267 no. 171, 172. (entries by Ε. Drakaki and Ε. Τsivilika).