Heinrich and Sofia Schliemann | The Northeastern Aegean Culture
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The Northeastern Aegean Culture

The so-called "Northeastern Aegean Culture" arose in the Troad, in western Asia Minor and on the large islands of Lemnos , at Poliochni, Myrina, Koukonisi, of Lesbos, at Thermi, of Samos, at the Heraion, and of Chios, at Emporio. It also emerged on Skyros, at Palamari. The subsequent occupation layers I-IV of Troy and the equivalent Black, Blue, Green, Red and Yellow building phases, as experts term describe them, at Poliochni on Lemnos present special traits during the Early Helladic Age. Troy IIg, thought by Schliemann to be the Homeric city, and Yellow Poliochni display proto-urban characteristics, that is a developed town plan, architectural construction of a high standard, division of labour, introduction of the potter's wheel, advanced metallurgy, use of seals, which are all indications of the presence of a powerful central authority. Jewellery from this region and period, found in groups of so-called hoards of gold, silver and bronze objects from Troy and Poliochni hold a prominent place among the products of this art, thanks to their sophisticated patterns and splendid construction technique. Both sites also share common traits as regards pottery (cp. the remarkable shape of a cup, referred to by the Homeric term depas amphikypellon) and as regards production of figurines. ‘he finds bear witness to the existence of communication and cultural exchange extending from Mainland Greece and the Cyclades as far as Asia Minor and the Caucasus.

The decline of the Northeastern Aegean culture by the end of the Early Bronze age and the movements of populations may account for the spread of the use of metallurgy on Cyclades, Aigina and mainland Greece.

¬ibliography: S. Privitera, 'Hephaestia on Lemnos and the Mycenaean presence in the islands of the Northeastern Aegean', in R. Laffineur and E. Greco (ed.), Emporia: Aegeans in the Central and Eastern Mediterranean. Proceedings of the 10th International Aegean Conference/10e Rencontre égéenne internationale, Italian Archaeological School, 14-18 Ńpril 2004, Aegaeum 25 (2005), pp. 227-236, pl. LIX-LX.
L. Papazoglou-Manioudaki, ''Poliochni and the Civilization of the Northeastern Aegean'', in J. Aruz (ed.), Art of the First Cities: The Third Millennium B.C. from the Mediterranean to the Indus, Aruz, Joan, New York 2003, pp. 270-276.
R. Laffineur, ''Reflections on the Troy Treasures'', in R. Aslan et alii, Mauerschau: Festschrift fur Manfred Korfmann. Remshalden-Grunbach 2002, pp. 237-244.