The Temporary Exhibition of the Mechanism and the Antikythera shipwreck...>>

Striped mosaic bowl

Material: Glass
Dimensions: H. 0.043 m. D. of rim 0.093 m. D. of base 0.053 m.
Provenance: Antikythera shipwreck. From the material retrieved in 1976
Date: Second quarter of the 1st c. BC
Exhibition place: Room 63, Case 5, inv. no: 23723

Mosaic pattern formed from long, narrow yellow bands, twisted trails of colorless and yellow glass, as well as randomly inserted irregularly shaped tesserae of yellow, purple (some of these purple tesserae have a narrow white stripe), and white. The rim is finished with an added twisted coil of colorless and yellow glass. At one point below the rim, a small twisted trail of colorless and yellow glass approximately 3 cm. in length occupies an intervening space between rim and body. Applied conical base-ring made of light green glass with violet, white, and yellow trails.

Production place: Particularly rare in Greece, striped mosaic bowls appeared after mosaic and network mosaic bowls at the end of the 2nd c. BC. They were probably manufactured in Alexandria and, a little later, in Rome (the applied base-rings found in the early examples are absent in the Roman ones).

Production technique: Two methods were used for their making, one of which was similar to the manufacturing process for mosaic vessels: trails of glass were shaped into elongated bands lined with colorless glass, then gathered together and fused in the kiln at a high temperature to create a disk-shaped blank. This "disk" was then placed over a convex former mold of the desired vessel shape, and went back into the kiln. With the heating of the disk-shaped blank, the glass sagged under its own weight, covering the mold and acquiring its shape. However, it was also possible to place the trails of glass on a disk-shaped blank of colorless glass, which was then sagged. The presence of such a colorless layer is apparent in the vessel under examination.

Βibliography: Τα ευρήματα του ναυαγίου των Αντικυθήρων, ΑΕ 1902, 168-167, inserted plate πίν. Η,31. G.D. Weinberg, The Glass Vessels from the Antikythera Wreck, TAPhS 55.3 (1965), 37-38 no. 9, fig. 18-19. G.D. Weinberg - M.C. McClellan, Glass Vessels in Ancient Greece. Their History Illustrated from the Collection of the National Archaeological Museum, Athens, Athens 1992, 110-112 no. 75. E.M. Stern - B. Schlick-Nolte, Early Glass of the Ancient World, 1600 B.C. - A.D. 50. Ernesto Wolf Collection, Ostfildern 1994, 299. M.-D. Nenna, Les Verres, Delos XXXVII, Paris 1999, 41 and note 18. V. Arveiller-Dulong - M.-D. Nenna, Musee du Louvre, Departement des Antiquites grecques, etrusques et romaines. Les verres antiques, I. Contenants a parfum en verre moule sur noyau et vaiselle moulee. VIIe siecle avant J.-C. -1er siecle apres J.-C., Paris 2000, 140 and note 15. Ν. Kaltsas (ed.), The Shipwreck off Antikythera, Catalogue of Exhibition, Athens 2012 [Cr. Avronidaki, in print].

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Position in the museum