The Temporary Exhibition of the Mechanism and the Antikythera shipwreck...>>

The statue of the "Philosopher of Antikythera"

Material: Bronze
Provenance: Antikythera shipwreck. From the material retrieved in 1900-1901
Date: Ca 230 BC or shortly thereafter
Inv. no: Athens, National Archaeological Museum, Χ 13400, X 15105, X 15108, X 15091, X 15090, X 18932, X 15088
Exhibition Place:Temporary Exhibitions Wing, Room I

To the cast bronze statue are attributed the head (X 13400), the hands (X 15105, X 15108), the sandaled feet (X 15091, X 15090) and the fragments of the himation (X 18932, X 15088). In the reconstruction drawing by I. Svoronos, the "Philosopher" was depicted standing with both feet firmly planted on the ground, wearing a long himation that covered most of his body down to the knees, and which was folded over his left shoulder. He held a staff in his left hand, while his right arm, bent at the elbow, was extended in a gesture characteristic of orators.

Bibliogrphy(especially for the head): Ι. N. Svoronos, Το εν Αθήναις Εθνικόν Μουσείον. Ο θησαυρός του ναυαγίου των Αντικυθήρων, Athens 1903, Vol. Α΄, 29-35, no. 2, pls. III-IV. K. T. Frost, The Statues from Cerigotto, JHS 23 (1903) 233-235, no. V, pl. 4. L. Alscher, Griechische Plastik ΙV: Hellenismus, Berlin 1957, 146, 148, 151, 174, fig. 70. E. Buschor, Das hellenistische Bildnis2, Munchen 1971, 25, 27, 28, 76, no. 94, fig. 20. P. C. Bol, Die Skulpturen des Schiffsfundes von Antikythera, Berlin 1972, 24-31, pls. 10-13,3-4. S. Karusu, Der Bronzekopf aus Antikythera - ein kynischer Philosoph, στον τόμο: Pro arte antiqua. Festschrift fur Hedwig Kenner II, Wien 1985, 207-213, pls. 8,1-2. Ο. Tzachou-Alexandri (ed.), To Πνεύμα και το Σώμα. Οι αθλητικοί αγώνες στην αρχαία Ελλάδα, Exhibition Catalogue, National Archaeological Museum, 15.5.1989 - 15.1.1990, Athens 1989, 190-192, no. 83 (P. Kalligas). Ν. Himmelmann, Antisthenes, in: Β. Andreae (ed.), Phyromachos-Probleme: mit einem Anhang zur Datierung des grossen Altares von Pergamon, Mainz am Rhein 1990, 15-16. R. von den Hoff, Philosophenportrats des Fruh- und Hochhellenismus, Munchen 1994, 151-154, pl. 41 figs. 162-163 and pl. 42 figs. 164-165. P. Moreno, Scultura ellenistica I, Roma 1994, 271-274, figs. 336-337, 340. C. C. Mattusch, Classical Bronzes. The Art and Craft of Greek and Roman Statuary, Ithaca 1996, 91, fig. 3.7, 92-94. K. Schefold, Die Bildnisse der antiken Dichter, Redner und Denker, Basel 1997, 258-259, fig. 142, 519. El. Schraudolph, Beispiele hellenistischer Plastik der Zeit zwischen 190 und 160 v. Chr., in: P. C. Bol (ed.), Die Geschichte der antiken Bildhauerkunst IIΙ: Hellenistische Plastik, Mainz am Rhein 2007, 226-227, fig. 86a-c. N. Kaltsas - E. Vlachogianni - P. Bouyia (eds),The Antikythera Shipwreck: The Ship, The Treasures, The Mechanism, Exhibition Catalogue, National Archaeological Museum, April 2012 - April 2013, Athens 2012, 82-84 cat. no. 24a and 84-86 cat. nos. 24b-g [for all the fragments] (E. Vlachogianni).
For the sandals (τροχάδες): K. Dohan Morrow, Greek Footwear and the Dating of Sculpture, Madison, Wisconsin 1985, 63-64, 84-86, 114-117. G. Calcani, Cavalieri di Bronzo. La torma di Alessandro opera di Lisippo, Roma 1989, 54-55.

Position in the museum