New Kingdom

COLLECTIONS EGYPTIAN ANTIQUITIES
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Following the expulsion of the Hyksos by the 18th Theban Dynasty of the New Kingdom (circa 1550-1070 BC, 18th-20th Dynasties), the unification of the country and its expansion westwards, southwards (Libya, Nubia) as well as eastwards (Syro-Palestine), Egypt was transformed into an empire in the Eastern Mediterranean. The wealth that was accumulated in the country, the contacts with the conquered peoples and the trade with Crete, Mycenaean Greece, Asia Minor, Somalia and possibly the far-flung Yemen led to the emergence of a new magnificent and more elaborate style that is reflected in the monuments of Thebes. Rock-hewn tombs with separate funerary temples were built on the west bank of the Nile (Valley of the Kings), whereas new sumptuous palaces (of Amenhotep III at the site Malkata of the west bank) and engrossing temples at Luxor and Karnak (east bank) were erected.
Following a short interval of monotheism (Akhenaten’s religious reform) and the distinctive Amarna style, the traditional style of the New Kingdom was reinstated culminating in the reign of Ramesses II.


Exhibition's objects

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