COLLECTIONS EGYPTIAN ANTIQUITIES< ALL THE COLLECTIONS
With the defeat by the Romans and the death of the last Ptolemaic queen, the famous Cleopatra VII, Egypt turned into a Roman province (30 BC – 395 AD). Art was restricted to the production of objects of minor arts and elaborate jewelry made out of precious metals and gems, with the exception of the glorious Fayum portraits and the famous Coptic textiles. In religion, however, the Hellenistic tradition of depicting Egyptian deities in the Greek manner continued.
The end of Egyptian religion came with the spread of the Christian one. In 641 AD, on account of the Arabic invasion, Islam became henceforth the dominant religion and therefore the Coptic art and literature died out gradually.
In Egypt, along the fertile valley of the Nile, thrived one of the most significant civilizations of the Eastern Mediterranean.
Introduction to the Egyptian Collection
During the Predynastic Period (circa 5400-3000 BC), before the establishment of the first dynasties, various independent kingdoms, with different deities […]
Predynastic – Early Dynastic Period
With Memphis as their capital city, the powerful and wealthy Pharaohs of the Ancient Kingdom (circa 2575-2134 BC, 3rd-6th Dynasties) […]
The competent Pharaohs of the Middle Kingdom (circa 2010-1640 BC, 11th-13th Dynasties), with Thebes as their capital, restored unity after […]
Following the expulsion of the Hyksos by the 18th Theban Dynasty of the New Kingdom (circa 1550-1070 BC, 18th-20th Dynasties), […]
The disability of Ramses II ‘s successors to rule, led the country to the Third Intermediate Period (circa 1070-712 B.C., […]
3rd Intermediate period
During the Late Period (circa 712-332 BC), due to the continuous political weakness and instability, apart from a short interval […]
The conquest of Egypt in 332 BC by Alexander -who was hailed as a liberator from the Persian rule- but […]